LIU Zhaofeng,GUO Qiang,WANG Xiao,et al. Resource utilization of high-salinity mine water through the membrane-integrated process based on bipolar membrane electrodialysis[J]. Journal of China Coal Society,2024,49(5):2462−2471. doi: 10.13225/j.cnki.jccs.2023.0453
Citation: LIU Zhaofeng,GUO Qiang,WANG Xiao,et al. Resource utilization of high-salinity mine water through the membrane-integrated process based on bipolar membrane electrodialysis[J]. Journal of China Coal Society,2024,49(5):2462−2471. doi: 10.13225/j.cnki.jccs.2023.0453

Resource utilization of high-salinity mine water through the membrane-integrated process based on bipolar membrane electrodialysis

  • In the context of “zero discharge” of mine water and the reverse distribution of coal and water resources in the western mining areas, the direct discharge of high-salinity mine water without proper treatment not only causes immeasurable damage to the local ecological environment, but also leads to serious water resource waste, ultimately constraining the green development of coal industry and the development of ecological civilization. The traditional zero discharge technology for high-salinity wastewater mainly relies on evaporation and crystallization to transform inorganic salts from a solution state to a crystalline state for recovery. From an economic perspective, this technology faces issues such as high investment, high operating costs, and low added value of inorganic salts. Based on this, this paper takes the mine water from a western mine as the raw water, aiming to achieve the resource utilization and desalination of mine water through the membrane integration technology, and focuses on exploring the influence of different operating conditions (operating voltage, feed solution concentration, temperature, acidity and alkalinity, current density, etc.) on the desalination performance of electrodialysis and the acid-base performance of bipolar membrane electrodialysis. Then, based on the experimental data and an economic evaluation model, the economic feasibility is explored, aiming to explore the membrane integration technology suitable for the treatment of high-salinity mine water in the western mining areas, and provide some new research ideas for the development of green resource utilization processes for high-salinity mine water. Through the exploration of the electrodialysis-bipolar membrane electrodialysis experimental process, it is found that the feed solution concentration of the bipolar membrane system should not exceed 80 g/L, the appropriate operating voltage is 18 V, the suitable feed solution temperature is 25 ℃, the feed solution pH should be kept neutral, and constant voltage operation is more suitable. In addition, it is confirmed that the membrane integration system centered on bipolar membrane electrodialysis can achieve the green resource utilization of high-salinity mine water. Taking the total salt content of the electrodialysis system feed solution as an example (20 g/L), the overall net profit is ¥18604299 per year, and it has a significant carbon dioxide emission reduction effect when coupled with a photovoltaic power supply system, with a carbon dioxide emission reduction of over 3162 tons per year, demonstrating good economic and social benefits.
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